Second Step

11.59pm on 27 September 2020

Second Step commences at 11.59pm on 27 September

What does this mean I can do?

If you live in metropolitan Melbourne, restrictions have changed from 11:59pm on 18 October. The following restrictions are in place:

  • You can exercise outside with members of your household, or up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households. This does not include personal training. You must be able to keep at least 1.5 metres distance between yourself and other people you do not live with.
  • There is no limit on the number of times you can leave home to exercise or see friends and family. You should consider limiting the number of people you see – this will help limit the potential spread of the virus.
  • There is no limit on the amount of time you can spend exercising.
  • You can travel within 25km of your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker and you are carrying your permitted worker permit) to exercise. Travel to regional Victoria is still only allowed for permitted purposes, like work, even if this is within 25 kms. This means you cannot travel into regional Victoria for exercise or recreation.
  • Some outdoor sport and recreation facilities can open. Outdoor sport and recreation facilities can open if:
    • They are predominantly used for outdoor sport or physical recreation There is no equipment for hire or sharing
    • Indoor facilities such as change rooms are not permitted for use, however toilet facilities are permitted to open.
    • limited to 10 people (including you) per group from a maximum of two households and you must be able to keep 1.5 metres between yourself and others.
    • Restrictions to no more than 10 people in the facility at once except where a distance of at least 100m between groups can be maintained (e.g. golf courses).
  • The number of people who can use an outdoor pool increases to 30 people in the pool or the four square metre rule (whichever is the smaller number of people). 
  • Indoor pools can open for hydrotherapy for one healthcare worker and one client. Group sessions are not allowed. There can be the lesser of a maximum of 10 people in a pool for hydrotherapy (five healthcare workers and five clients) or the density quotient for pools.
Your questions answered

What activities are restricted?

Under Second Step restrictions, you can leave home for exercise or outdoor recreation but there are limits:

  • You must not travel more than 25km from where you live, or from your workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit) to exercise.
  • You can only exercise outside with your household members or up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households. 
  • Personal training outdoors is allowed with a limit of two participants, plus the instructor.
  • There is no limit on the number of times you can leave home to exercise or see friends and family. You should consider limiting the number of people you see – this will help limit the potential spread of the virus.
  • There is no limit on the amount of time you can spend exercising, although you should only leave home when you need to. 
  • Indoor sports centres, including gyms, training facilities and pools are closed except for hydrotherapy.
  • Community sport training and competition cannot occur.
  • Outdoor swimming pools are open, except for shared swimming pools in apartment complexes or shared residential properties.

Do I have to wear a face mask while exercising?

If you are doing exercise or a physical activity where you are out of breath or puffing, such as jogging or running, you do not need to wear a face mask. You must carry a face mask with you and wear it before and after you exercise.

If you are doing exercise or a physical activity where you are not out of breath or puffing, such as walking, then you must wear a face mask. 

Personal trainers are required to wear a face mask while conducting a personal training session.

If you have a lawful exemption such as a medical condition, where it would be dangerous for your breathing to be obstructed while walking around, then you do not need to wear a face mask.

It is important that you keep 1.5 metres between yourself and others while exercising, even when wearing a face mask.

For more information on face masks visit the face masks page.

Can I leave the house to exercise outdoors?

Yes. In metropolitan Melbourne you can exercise outdoors in a public space, as long as you stay within 25km of your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit). You can drive to a location to exercise. 

There is no limit on the number of times you can leave home for exercise or length of time, although you should only leave home when you need to. 

You can exercise with members of your household or in a group of up to ten people (including you) outdoors. The ten people can only live in two households. This means you can only meet up with friends or family members who live in one house together at one time.

For example, Tess and Olivia live together. They can exercise or spend time with Kieran and Fatima, who also live together, outdoors in a public space. If they want to catch up with Mo, who lives by himself, they need to do this separately.

Babies under twelve months of age are not counted in the ten person limit.

You should use the parks and public spaces which are closest to your home. This includes walking, hiking, bike riding, surfing, kayaking or yoga in the park.

Personal training is permitted with up to two people plus a trainer (the trainer must wear a face mask at all times during the training session).

You cannot travel more than 25km from your home or permitted workplace while exercising. You cannot travel into regional Victoria for exercise or recreation.

If you live in regional Victoria, you cannot enter metropolitan Melbourne for the purpose of exercise or recreation.

If you are exercising with a person who does not live with you, you should keep at least 1.5 metres away from each other.

Can I drive to a park within 25km of my home to exercise?

Yes, you can drive to a location such as a park or running track within 25km of your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit) to exercise. You cannot drive more than 25km from your home or workplace to exercise.

Can I exercise with others?

You can exercise outdoors with people who you normally live with, or up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households. Babies under twelve months of age are not counted in the ten-person limit. This includes taking a walk or walking the dog, yoga in the park, running, or bike riding. All people who meet up outdoors must be within 25km of their home.

You can also use a personal trainer in a group of two (plus the trainer) outdoors. Babies under twelve months of age are not counted in the two person limit. Equipment sharing is not permitted, and you should clean and disinfect equipment after use. The trainer should wear a face mask while providing the training, unless they have a lawful exemption.

While exercising, you should keep at least 1.5 metres between yourself and others. You cannot exercise with another person in a manner that would mean you are less than 1.5 metres apart.

Can I participate in community sport?

No. You cannot participate in community sport.

Can I leave metropolitan Melbourne to exercise?

No, you cannot leave metropolitan Melbourne to exercise. You can only travel up to 25km from your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit) while exercising.

My favourite walking track is on the other side of the city. Can I still go there?

You can only exercise within 25km of your home or permitted workplace. You should use the walking tracks closest to your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit). 

You cannot travel to regional Victoria to exercise. 

Victorians must use common sense and consideration when it comes to their activities. Lives are counting on it.

Can I train with a personal trainer outdoors?

Yes, outdoor personal training sessions are allowed. There are still some restrictions; sessions should be limited to no more than two people (in addition to a personal trainer). You cannot travel further than 25km to attend a personal training session.

The trainer should wear a face mask while providing the training, unless they have an exemption.

People must be able to keep at least 1.5 metres distance from each other. Equipment must not be shared, and you should clean and disinfect equipment after use.

You cannot participate in group fitness activities, including bootcamps.

Can I attend boot camp?

No. You cannot participate in group fitness activities, including boot camps. 

Can I go to my gym/theatre/business venue to livestream a performance or record classes/sessions?

No. You cannot attend your workplace for the purpose of a livestream. The only reason you can leave home to conduct a livestream is for a religious ceremony or service.

Are indoor sport facilities open?

No. In metropolitan Melbourne, gyms, indoor pools, health clubs, class-based fitness, studios, barre, spin facilities and indoor personal training facilities are closed. Indoor facilities pose a greater risk of coronavirus (COVID-19) spreading through droplets in the air. Indoor spaces have less ventilation than outdoor spaces.

Indoor pools are only open for hydrotherapy for one healthcare worker and one client. Group sessions are not allowed. There can be the lesser of a maximum of 10 people in a pool for hydrotherapy (five healthcare workers and five clients) or the density quotient for pools.

Can outdoor sport facilities open? 

Outdoor sports and recreation facilities can open, with the following limitations:

  • They are predominantly used for outdoor sport or physical recreation 
  • There is no equipment for hire or sharing
  • Indoor facilities such as change rooms are not permitted for use, however toilet facilities are permitted to open.
  • A limit of ten people from a maximum of two households per group and you must be able to keep 1.5 metres between yourself and others.

Restrictions to no more than 10 people in the facility at once except where a distance of at least 100m between groups can be maintained (e.g. golf courses).Examples of outdoor sports amenities that might be able to open include outdoor tennis courts, golf courses, or bowling greens. 

Are swimming pools closed?

Outdoor swimming pools can re-open, with restrictions. Change room facilities remain closed. The number of people who can use an outdoor pool increases to 30 people in the pool or the one person per four square metre rule (whichever is the smaller number of people). Outdoor public swimming pools can open for the exclusive use of one school at a time for educational purposes

Indoor public swimming pools, saunas and spas are closed, except that indoor pools can open for one-on-one hydrotherapy. Group sessions are not allowed. There can only be to the lesser of 10 people in the pool (five healthcare workers and five clients) or the density quotient for pools.

I have an outdoor pool in the apartment complex I live in. Can I use it? 

No. Swimming pools in apartment complexes or shared residential properties are closed under Second Step restrictions. 

Pools that are accessible by people from multiple households, even if they are located at a residential premises (i.e. apartment complex facilities or university accommodation), are not able to operate.  

I am a permitted worker and have a pool at my work. Can I use it? 

Pools can only be used at a workplace where on-site work is permitted under the current restrictions. A pool can only be used at a workplace if using the pool forms part of your work duties (e.g. a police officer undertaking a physical test).  

Pools used for medical treatment are open to people receiving medical treatment, such as rehabilitation or hydrotherapy.  

Can I play golf?

If a golf course within 25km of your home or permitted workplace can open under current restrictions, then you can play golf. However, clubrooms and change rooms will remain closed. Toilets can open.

Are playgrounds and skate parks open?

From 11:59pm 18 October skate parks can open. 

Outdoor playgrounds are open for use. While at a playground, you should keep at least 1.5 metres between yourself and others. 

When you get home, you should wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.

Is outdoor communal gym equipment open?

Outdoor gym equipment is open for use. While using outdoor communal gym equipment, you should keep at least 1.5 metres between yourself and others. 

When you get home, you should wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.

Can I go to the beach?

Yes, if there is a beach within 25km from your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit).  

  • You can swim or surf at the beach as part of your daily exercise.  
  • You can go to the beach to see friends or family or for wellbeing.  
  • You can go by yourself, with members of your household or with a total of ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households.

When you leave home, you must wear a face mask unless you have a lawful reason not to do so. If you are not doing exercise or a physical activity where you are out of breath or puffing, then you must wear a face mask.   

Can I do snow sports? 

You cannot travel from metropolitan Melbourne to alpine resorts for snow sports.

Can I go to the park?

Yes, you can travel to a park within 25km from your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit). You can go to the park for exercise, to see friends or family or for wellbeing. You can go by yourself, with members of your household or with a total of ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households.

When you leave home you must wear a face mask unless you have a lawful reason not to do so. If you are not doing exercise or a physical activity where you are out of breath or puffing, then you must wear a face mask. 

Can I go to a dog park?

Yes, you can travel to a dog park or off-leash area within 25km from your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit). 

You can only walk around a dog park by yourself, with members of your household, or up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households. Keep at least 1.5 metres distance between yourself and others. 

Can I undertake activities like fishing?

Yes, you can go fishing in metropolitan Melbourne. This activity is required to be undertaken within 25km of your home. You must maintain at least 1.5 metres between yourself and others. You can only go fishing with up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households. 

Everyone must wear a fitted face mask covering their nose and mouth when they leave home, unless a lawful exemption applies. 

Everyone must keep 1.5 metres distance between themselves and others.

I live in metropolitan Melbourne, can I go boating? 

Yes, you can go boating (powered and unpowered). This activity is required to be undertaken within 25km of your home. You can only go fishing with up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households if you can maintain at least 1.5 metres between yourself and others while on the boat. 

Everyone must wear a fitted face mask covering their nose and mouth when they leave home, unless a lawful exemption applies. 

Commercial shipping, commercial boating, land, port and waterway management functions and emergency access are subject to restrictions relating to these industries.  

If I live in metropolitan Melbourne can I travel outside of the metro area to go boating and fishing? 

No. The metropolitan border will remain in place while there are different settings between metropolitan Melbourne and regional Victoria. 

What if I own a private jetty/boat ramp, does this apply to me? 

Yes. If you live in metropolitan Melbourne, you must comply with these rules even if you own a private jetty or boat ramp. 

What local recreational boating sites are closed? 

All metropolitan Melbourne public boat ramps, piers, jetties, and other marine (outdoor) infrastructure that support all forms of recreational boating (powered and unpowered) are open. 

Can I move my moored, anchored or berthed vessel? 

For emergency purposes it may be permitted to move a moored, anchored or berthed vessel. An emergency purpose includes a boat sinking or to repair damage that would cause a boat to sink.  

But only a registered transport operator with a COVIDSafe Plan and Permitted worker permit can transport a vessel by land. 

Can I get my boat or trailer inspected or serviced? 

Yes, changes to business restrictions mean that boating maintenance is now permitted with marine and specialist mechanics now able to operate as required for safe operation of boats for scheduled and logbook services and inspections. 

This means that people are now able to take their boats and trailers to businesses that provide boating safety inspections, necessary servicing and maintenance services within 25km of your home.  

If the nearest mechanic is more than 25km from your home, or if your vehicle requires a specialist and/or brand-specific workplace in order to complete repairs, you may travel outside the 25km zone to access these services. 

This will ensure people are able to have their boating safety inspections completed ahead of the upcoming summer season.  

All open businesses and services must now have a COVIDSafe Plan and meet the requirements of the Permitted worker scheme.   

Does the 25km rule apply to boating?  

Yes. The 25km rule applies from your home (or workplace if you are a permitted worker). Boating must be undertaken within 25km of your home or workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit). 

This means if you live further than 25km from the water you cannot go boating under the current Second Step restrictions.  

While boating you cannot travel more than 25km from your home. You can land at multiple locations however they all must be within 25km of your home. 

Can I go horse-riding if I live in metropolitan Melbourne?

Yes. You can go horse-riding alone, with members of your household or up to ten people (including you) from a maximum of two households. You must not travel beyond 25km from home or your workplace (if you are a permitted worker carrying your permitted worker permit) for this purpose.

You need to ensure that you keep a physical distance of at least 1.5 metres from others.

Equestrian facilities remain closed, except for animal welfare purposes unless they can open under the current restrictions on outdoor facilities. Indoor facilities cannot open.

Can I ride a horse for the purpose of exercising the animal?

You should exercise the horse on your own property or place of agistment. Where this is not possible due to safety or animal welfare concerns, you may exercise the horse outside of your property or agistment.

Can I play professional sports?

If you live in metropolitan Melbourne, you may continue to play professional sports.

Currently, professional sports have access to otherwise restricted facilities for the purposes of training and engaging in professional sporting events. Facilities must be used for the exclusive use of training for professional sportspersons. Guidelines have been developed for professional sports.

The professional nature of these sports means that there are more processes and resources in place to ensure that players and officials conduct activities in a safe way that slows the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19).

I have a child who requires additional supervision. Can I bring them with me if I exercise with a friend?

If there’s no one at home who can look after someone who needs additional supervision, then they can come with you. You can take anyone who cannot be left home unattended with you on your daily exercise.

How will you enforce this? Who will enforce it?

Directions will continue to be enforced through spot checks by Victoria Police and use of emergency powers by authorised officers to ensure compliance with the Public Health Directions.

Industry bodies, Victoria Police, WorkSafe, and Authorised Officers will work together to inform Victorians about the directions, as well as undertake enforcement and compliance activities as needed.

Community members can raise concerns about compliance with directions through the Police Assistance Line (PAL) on 131 444. Workers can raise concerns via Worksafe on 03 9641 1555. And employers can talk to their industry regulator or peak body for specific industry related support.

A Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak Joint Intelligence Unit has been established to support comprehensive preparedness and responses to outbreaks and identify and manage outbreak risks.

The Department of Health and Human Services and WorkSafe will coordinate intelligence and information on businesses that are non-compliant.

What are the penalties for non-compliance?

Victoria Police can issue on the spot fines of up to $1,652 for individuals and up to $9,913 for businesses for:

  • refusing or failing to comply with the emergency directions
  • refusing or failing to comply with a public health risk power direction
  • refusing or failing to comply with the Public Health Directions to provide information.

Victoria Police can issue on the spot fines of up to $4,957 for people who live in metropolitan Melbourne who are found to be in regional Victoria without a lawful reason. This fine will also be issued if you gather outdoors in groups larger than ten people, you have visitors to your home without a lawful reason, or you visit someone in their home without a lawful reason.

Fines of up to $20,000 for individuals and $100,000 for businesses are possible through the court system. Individuals who do not wear a face mask and do not have a lawful reason can be fined $200.